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  • Fear, anger or pain. Why do babies cry? Español

    Fear, anger or pain. Why do babies cry?  

    SINC | 18 February 2013

    Investigadores españoles han estudiado el grado de precisión que tienen los adultos para reconocer la emoción que provoca el llanto en los bebés. El movimiento de los ojos y la dinámica del llanto son claves en su reconocimiento. 

  • Detection of apple juices and cereals which exceed permitted levels of mycotoxins Español

    Detactada patulina en algunos zumos de manzana.  

    SINC | 06 June 2013

    Researchers from the University of Granada (Spain) have analysed the presence of patulin, a type of toxin produced by fungi, in several commercial apple juices. The results show that more than 50% of the samples analysed exceed the maximum limits laid down by law. They have also discovered a sample of rice with more mycotoxins than permitted. For their part, researchers from the University of V...

  • Smoking in the entrances to bars increases the presence of nicotine inside Español

    Fumador en el interior de un bar.  

      12 June 2013

    For the first time, a study has analysed the effects of the modification to the Spanish tobacco control law, implemented in 2011 in hospitality venues in Spain. The findings show that smoking on terraces and in the entrances to bars and restaurants increases the concentration of nicotine and particulate matter, which affects clients and hospitality professionals alike.

  • New clues in the search to rediscover the mysterious Maya Blue formula Español

     The mysterious Maya Blue formula  

      01 April 2013

    The recipe and process for preparing Maya Blue, a highly-resistant pigment used for centuries in Mesoamerica, were lost. We know that the ingredients are a plant dye, indigo, and a type of clay known as palygorskite, but scientists do not know how they were ‘cooked’ and combined together. Now, a team of chemists from the University of Valencia and the Polythecnic University of Valencia (Spain)...

  • Tell me where you’re from and I’ll tell you what tastes you prefer Español

    The country of residence, a factor in taste preferences  

    SINC | 16 April 2013

    Children love fatty and sugary foods. Or do they? New research contradicts the idea that all children under the age of ten have the same taste in food and highlights the importance of the country of residence, culture and age in these preferences.

  • Tourism on the north coast of Spain will be improved by climate change Español

     El calentamiento global favorecerá el turismo en el norte  

    SINC | 29 July 2013

    A study from the University of the Balearic Islands has analysed the impact that global warming will have on coastal destinations chosen by Spanish tourists for their holidays. The researchers assert that coastal provinces in the south of Spain will lose out in competition against those on the Cantabrian coast, whose attraction will be intensified.

  • Pointing is infants’ first communicative gesture Español

    Pointing is infants’ first communicative gesture  

    SINC | 19 February 2014

    Catalan researchers have studied the acquisition and development of language in babies on the basis of the temporary coordination of gestures and speech. The results are the first in showing how and when they acquire the pattern of coordination between the two elements which allows them to communicate very early on.

  • Los compuestos nocivos de los cigarillos casi desaparecen de las cafeterias Español

    IDAEA | 22 October 2013

    Investigadores del centro IDAEA (CSIC) han medido en una cafetería de Barcelona la concentración de compuestos nocivos antes y después de la ley antitabaco. Los resultados revelan que las sustancias tóxicas y carcinogénicas se redujeron un 90%, un dato que coincide con el del último informe del Ministerio de Sanidad. En la imagen, cenizas, compuestos y elementos del humo del tabaco.

  • Los mecheros también dejan su 'huella dactilar' en el aire Español

    IDAEA | 22 October 2013

    Investigadores del centro IDAEA (CSIC) han medido en una cafetería de Barcelona la concentración de compuestos nocivos antes y después de la ley antitabaco. Los resultados revelan que las sustancias tóxicas y carcinogénicas se redujeron un 90%, un dato que coincide con el del último informe del Ministerio de Sanidad. en la imagen, partículas de lantano y cerio, la 'huella dactilar' de los meche...

  • Este nuevo trambollo difiere de otros peces Hypleurochilus por su patrón de colores Español

    Este nuevo trambollo difiere de otros peces Hypleurochilus por su patrón de colores

    Hudson Pinheiro | 23 October 2013

    Researchers from Brazil have published data on a new species of fish in the Labrisomidae family on the Brazilian archipelago of Trindade and Martim Vaz in the Atlantic Ocean. It is an endemic species that can only be found in this group of islands due to how far it is from the coast. 

  • Gold and silica nanostars Español

    Liz-Marzán et al. | 10 February 2014

    Researchers from the Basque centre CIC biomaGUNE and the University of Antwerp (Belgium) have designed nanoparticles with one half formed of gold branches and the other of silicon oxide. They are a kind of Janus particle, so-called in honour of the Roman god with two faces, which could be used in phototherapy in the future to treat tumours.

  • Fear of treatment puts stress on women undergoing fertility therapy Español

    fecundación

    SINC | 02 October 2012 10:15

    Fertility treatment has a strong emotional impact on women who want to have children. A study of European countries with the highest number of assisted reproduction cycles identifies which aspects of reproduction treatment contribute to psychological stress.

  • Fear of the dentist is passed on to children by their parents Español

    SINC | 15 November 2012 09:59

    Fear of visiting the dentist is a frequent problem in paediatric dentistry. A new study confirms the emotional transmission of dentist fear among family members and analyses the different roles that mothers and fathers might play.

  • Men who do exercise produce better quality semen Español

    hombre corriendo

    SINC | 30 October 2012 09:35

    A new study conducted by researchers at the University of Cordoba links moderate physical activity in males with better hormone levels and sperm characteristics that favour reproduction compared to sedentary men.

  • An inadequate diet during pregnancy predisposes the baby to diabetes Español

    Cuando las mujeres embarazadas asimilan cantidades adecuadas de energía, sus hijos tienen un peso normal al nacer. Imagen: Cscott2006.

    SINC | 04 December 2012 09:52

    Experts already know that pregnant women should not eat for two. A study now insists on the importance of a healthy diet as a way of avoiding increased insulin and glucose levels in the child, both of which are indicators of diabetes and metabolic syndrome risk.

  • The muscle response of footballers depends on their position on the field Español

    TMG

    SINC | 14 January 2013 08:56

    Football players display different muscle response parameters depending on the position that they hold on the pitch, according to a study conducted by a team of Spanish researchers which has been published in the ‘Journal of electromyography and kinesiology’.

  • Breast cancer mortality has not declined in women over 85 Español

    tres ancianos en un banco

    SINC | 15 January 2013 09:30

    Since 1992 the number of deaths linked to breast cancer in Spain has decreased among young and middle aged patients but not among the elderly. Spanish researchers also predict that it will continue to decline over the next decade, although more slowly as observed up until now.

  • Semen quality of young men in south-east Spain down by 38% in the last decade Español

    célula seminal

    SINC | 16 January 2013 10:31

    The first comparative study on the evolution of sperm quality in young Spanish men over ten years, headed by researchers at the University of Murcia, reveals that spermatozoid concentration in men between 18 and 23 years in the regions of Murcia and Almeria has dropped by an annual average of 2%.

  • The global gene pool of the goat is seriously under threat Español

    SINC | 21 January 2013 11:03

    Amongst the range of domestic livestock species, the goat is not just the ‘black sheep’ but a resource of survival in impoverished countries, and many breeds are at great risk of disappearing. This is the case according to researchers of the Regional Service of Agro-Food Research and Development in their first monographic study tackling the global impact of this species.

  • Breast milk contains more than 700 bacteria Español

    SINC | 03 January 2013 10:17

    Spanish researchers have traced the bacterial microbiota map in breast milk, which is the main source of nourishment for newborns. The study has revealed a larger microbial diversity than originally thought: more than 700 species.

  • The Teotihuacans exhumed their dead and dignified them with make-up Español

    Calzada de los Muertos  de la ciudad de Teotihuacan. Imagen: Hector García.

    SINC | 08 January 2013 11:39

    In collaboration with the National University of Mexico, a team of Spanish researchers has analysed for the first time remains of cosmetics in the graves of prehispanic civilisations on the American continent. In the case of the Teotihuacans, these cosmetics were used as part of the after-death ritual to honour their city’s most important people.

  • 24 new species of flower fly have been found in Central and Southern America Español

    Investigadora en la Laguna Azul

    SINC | 29 January 2013 08:52

    A team of scientists have described twenty four new species of dipterans belonging to Quichuana genus, of which only a further 24 species were known. The researchers, including two Spanish biologists, have been studying the forests of Central and Southern America for ten years and they have now published their results in the ‘Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society’.

  • Fear, anger or pain. Why do babies cry? Español

    Fear, anger or pain. Why do babies cry?  

    SINC | 18 February 2013 09:45

    Spanish researchers have studied adults’ accuracy in the recognition of the emotion causing babies to cry. Eye movement and the dynamic of the cry play a key role in recognition.

  • The invasion of wild cats could see the end of a seabird endemic to the Mediterranean Español

    The discovery of a new genus of crustacean and five new species

    SINC | 31 January 2013 10:28

    The population of Yelkouan Shearwater of the French island of Le Levant is seriously under threat due to the invasion of wild cats, according to a French and Spanish joint study. The archipelago is home to the main colonies of this species.

  • Discovering the birth of an asteroid trail Español

    SINC | 20 February 2013 09:01

    Unlike comets, asteroids are not characterised by exhibiting a trail, but there are now ten exceptions. Spanish researchers have observed one of these rare asteroids from the Gran Telescopio Canarias (Spain) and have discovered that something happened around the 1st July 2011 causing its trail to appear: maybe internal rupture or collision with another asteroid.

  • Intense rain in the Ebro basin is becoming more and more uncommon Español

    inundación Ebro

    SINC | 04 February 2013 09:06

    Researchers from CSIC’s Aula Dei Experimental Station in Zaragoza, Spain have confirmed that the frequency of intense rainfall has been decreasing in the Ebro basin since 1955.

  • Two new species of mushroom documented in the Iberian Peninsula Español

    SINC | 25 February 2013 09:22

    In collaboration with the Royal Botanic Gardens of Madrid and the Slovenian Forestry Institute, researchers in the Basque Country have documented two new species of Hydnum, commonly known as ox tongue mushrooms, as part of their study published in the ‘Mycologia’ journal. This genus is known because many of its fungi are edible.

  • An atlas of the human heart is drawn using statistics Español

    SINC | 26 February 2013 09:31

    Researchers at Pompeu Fabra University (Spain) have created a high resolution atlas of the heart with 3D images taken from 138 people. The study demonstrates that an average image of an organ along with its variations can be obtained for the purposes of comparing individual cases and differentiating healthy forms from pathologies.

  • Physical activity does not protect against in situ breast cancer Español

    mujeres haciendo deporte

    SINC | 27 February 2013 09:45

    Non-invasive or in situ breast cancer is characterised by the fact that it does not invade or does not multiply in other cells and unlike invasive breast cancer, it is not benefited by physical exercise. The experts suggest that exercise would only have protective effects once the tumour starts to invade the breast tissue.

  • The discovery of a new genus of crustacean and five new species Español

    SINC | 11 February 2013 10:23

    On recent expeditions to Madagascar and the French Polynesia, two Spanish researchers have discovered five new species of crustacean and a new genus named Triodonthea

  • The dynamic of Spain’s population follows the maximum entropy principle Español

    Los investigadores han observado que a nivel colectivo obedecemos a patrones que se pueden predecir matemáticamente. /

    SINC | 06 March 2013 09:43

    A team of Spanish and Argentinean researchers have verified that the distribution of the inhabitants in each Spanish province evolves in accordance with the maximum entropy principle in the field of physics. Therefore, this evolution is predictable. The results have allowed authors to put forward a ‘socio-thermodynamic’ theory that applies the laws of thermodynamics to collective human behaviour.

  • New clues in the search to rediscover the mysterious Maya Blue formula Español

     The mysterious Maya Blue formula  

    SINC | 01 April 2013 09:18

    The recipe and process for preparing Maya Blue, a highly-resistant pigment used for centuries in Mesoamerica, were lost. We know that the ingredients are a plant dye, indigo, and a type of clay known as palygorskite, but scientists do not know how they were ‘cooked’ and combined together. Now, a team of chemists from the University of Valencia and the Polythecnic University of Valencia (Spain)...

  • Maternal obesity increases the risk of frequent wheezing in offspring Español

    woman pregnant

    SINC | 07 March 2013 10:40

    The fact that excess weight during pregnancy has negative consequences is not new information. A new study now concludes that the children of mothers obese before falling pregnant are four times more likely to have frequent wheezing, which is one of the symptoms of asthma, compared to the children of mothers weighing a normal weight.

  • A model predicts that the world’s populations will stop growing in 2050 Español

    SINC | 02 April 2013 10:16

    Global population data spanning the years from 1900 to 2010 have enabled a research team from the Autonomous University of Madrid to predict that the number of people on Earth will stabilise around the middle of the century. The results, obtained with a model used by physicists, coincide with the UN’s downward forecasts.

  • Four dinosaur egg species identified in Lleida Español

    SINC | 11 March 2013 09:29

    A study headed by the Miquel Crusafont Catalan Palaeontology Institute has for the first time documented detailed records of dinosaur egg fossils in the Coll de Nargó archaeological site in Lleida, Spain. Up until now, only one type of dinosaur egg had been documented in the region.

  • Answering messages behind the wheel is as dangerous as being twice over the limit Español

    SINC | 12 March 2013 11:15

    Scientists from various Australian universities in collaboration with the University of Barcelona have compared the effects of mobile use while driving with the effects of alcohol using a simulation. Their experiment demonstrates that using a handsfree kit or sending text messages is the same as being above the legal alcohol limit.

  • For the very first time, two spacecraft will fly in formation with millimetre precision Español

    SINC | 10 April 2013 09:45

    Spanish industry is leading the Proba-3 mission, a world first in precise formation flying. This European Space Agency (ESA) project aims to demonstrate that two satellites can move as one single object with sub-millimetre precision. This configuration will enable for instance, the creation of enormous space telescopes with the lens and detector hundreds of metres apart.

  • Tell me where you’re from and I’ll tell you what tastes you prefer Español

    The country of residence, a factor in taste preferences  

    SINC | 16 April 2013 09:40

    Children love fatty and sugary foods. Or do they? New research contradicts the idea that all children under the age of ten have the same taste in food and highlights the importance of the country of residence, culture and age in these preferences.

  • A formula that can calculate a person’s speed by just looking at their footprints Español

    El cálculo funciona perfectamente tanto si los individuos van corriendo como si van andando. / Christian Haugen

    SINC | 17 April 2013 10:07

    Two Spanish scientists have designed an equation that provides a highly accurate estimate of an individual’s speed based on stride length. They used data from professional athletes and walking and running experiments on a beach in order to come up with the equation. The result has applications in the study of fossil trackways of human footprints.

  • Geostatistical method predicts urban pollution Español

    SINC | 25 March 2013 09:44

    Researchers from the University of Castilla-La Mancha have developed a measurement system which permits the prediction of atmospheric pollution due to nitrogen oxides in a specific location and at a particular time. The study is supported by a massive database from urban areas in the Community of Madrid.

  • Better-educated parents feed children fewer fats and less sugar Español

    a girl is eating broccoli

    SINC | 26 March 2013 09:40

    The level of education of parents has an influence on the frequency with which their children eat foods linked to obesity. The children of parents with low and medium levels of education eat fewer vegetables and fruit and more processed products and sweet drinks.

  • Scientists provide a more accurate age for the El Sidrón cave Neanderthals Español

    SINC | 27 March 2013 09:13

    A study has been able to accurately determine the age of the Neanderthal remains found in the El Sidrón cave (Asturias, Spain) for which previous studies had provided inexact measurements. The application of a pre-treatment to reduce contamination by modern carbon has managed to lower the margin of error from 40,000 to just 3,200 years.

  • Roe deer more likely to be run over at nightfall on a Sunday in April Español

    El corzo es el cérvido más pequeño de Eurasia. / Unicoletti

    SINC | 22 April 2013 09:52

    Traffic accidents involving wildlife are on the rise in Europe. The establishment of a time pattern for the accidents could be useful for increasing safety and preventing human and animal deaths. On the basis of this objective, a team of researchers have established at what time, on what day of the week and in which month accidents involving boar and roe deer are most likely to take place.

  • Work-related stress linked to increased blood fat levels Español

    trabajo

    SINC | 14 May 2013 10:01

    Spanish researchers have studied how job stress affects cardiovascular health. The results, published in the ‘Scandinavian Journal of Public Health’, link this situation to dyslipidemia, a disorder that alters the levels of lipids and lipoproteins in the blood.

  • Doctors prescribe more analgesics to women than to men just for being female Español

    mujer con receta

    SINC | 20 May 2013 10:45

    Regardless of pain, social class or age, a woman is more likely to be prescribed pain-relieving drugs. A study published in Gaceta Sanitaria (Spanish health scientific journal) affirms that this phenomenon is influenced by socioeconomic inequality between genders in the Autonomous Community in which the patient resides.

  • The more feathers a male sparrow carries to the nest, the more eggs the female will lay Español

    Sparrow

    SINC | 29 April 2013 15:12

    An international team lead by the University of Granada has found that female sparrows will invest more energy into laying eggs according to the male’s ability to fill the nest with feathers which serve to insulate the chicks from the cold and keep them alive.

  • An electronic nose can tell pears and apples apart Español

    SINC | 30 April 2013 08:44

    Swedish and Spanish engineers have created a system of sensors that detects fruit odours more effectively than the human sense of smell. For now, the device can distinguish between the odorous compounds emitted by pears and apples.

  • A statistical model predicts the number of goals for each footballer Español

    Leo Messi

    SINC | 28 May 2013 10:00

    After analysing football league players over nine seasons, from 2000 to 2009, Spanish researchers have come up with a mathematical method for estimating the goal-scoring performance of each player. According to their ranking, the most able strikers are Messi, Ronaldo Nazário, Makkay, Villa and Etoo.

  • The Elephant’s Tomb in Carmona may have been a temple to the God Mithras Español

    SINC | 08 May 2013 10:58

    The so-called Elephant’s Tomb in the Roman necropolis of Carmona (Seville, Spain) was not always used for burials. The original structure of the building and a window through which the sun shines directly in the equinoxes suggest that it was a temple of Mithraism, an unofficial religion in the Roman Empire. The position of Taurus and Scorpio during the equinoxes gives force to the theory.

  • New magnetic graphene may revolutionise electronics Español

    SINC | 09 May 2013 10:34

    Researchers from IMDEA-Nanociencia Institute and from Autonoma and Complutense Universities of Madrid (Spain) have managed to give graphene magnetic properties. The breakthrough, published in the journal ‘Nature Physics’, opens the door to the development of graphene-based spintronic devices, that is, devices based on the spin or rotation of the electron, and could transform the electronics ind...