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  • The ‘cardiovascular revolution’ has increased life expectancy in Spain Español

    SINC | 25 February 2015 09:29

    Over the last century, life expectancy for Spaniards has increased by 40 years. A study by the International University of La Rioja highlights the main cause, since 1980, as being the reduced incidence of cardiovascular diseases while other pathologies, such as mental illnesses and certain types of cancer, have been seen to rise. The authors predict that the effects of the economic recession on...

  • Cities have a memory and interact with their neighbours Español

    SINC | 02 March 2015 08:27

    Demographic changes in large cities depend on millions of individual decisions, but the population evolves depending on two factors: what ‘reminds’ them of their recent past and the existence of other urban areas around them. This is the proposal supported by a Spanish-Argentinean group of researchers through algorithms, which show how American cities have a 25-year-old memory and interact with...

  • Salt increases physical performance in resistance competitions Español

    La prueba ½ Ironman es una carrera de triatlón de media distancia, que consta de 1,9 km de natación, 90 km de ciclismo y 21,1 km de atletismo. / Chad Johnson

    SINC | 03 March 2015 10:30

    Spanish researchers have analysed the effectiveness of salt on sports performance in triathletes. The athletes who added this supplement to their usual hydration routines during the competition took 26 minutes less to complete a medium-distance triathlon course than those who only used sports drinks.

  • A pilot experiment in crowdfunding of research and transfer Español

    UC3M | 04 March 2015 12:30

    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) presents Crowd-UC3M, its first call for participants in its search for crowdfunding for thirteen R+D+i projects. The objective is to establish new channels for collaboration, interaction and implication with society, which will contribute to social, economic and cultural progress.

  • Europe unveils a technology platform for active aging Español

    uc3m / SINC | 03 March 2015 10:10

    Researchers at the University Carlos III of Madrid, in collaboration with the Spanish firm Aliad Conocimiento y Servicio, have developed a software platform to help promote active and healthy aging in the context of an European project. The system contains news, forums, videos, social networking, mobile applications and games to promote mental activity and a training program. The offer has...

  • Sweet nanoparticles target stroke Español

    SINC | 10 March 2015 09:25

    Materials resulting from chemical bonding of glucosamine, a type of sugar, with fullerenes, kind of nanoparticles known as buckyballs, might help to reduce cell damage and inflammation occurring after stroke. A team from the Max Planck Institute in Germany has tested this on mice, opening the door to potential new drugs for the cerebrovascular accident.

  • The Andalusian coast has suffered a large tsunami every thousand years Español

    SINC | 11 March 2015 09:29

    The great tsunami that devastated Cádiz after the earthquake in Lisbon in 1755 is the most recent, but not the only one. New sedimentary deposits found on Barbate beach in Cádiz show that a major tsunami occurred 4,000 years ago, and adds to another seven that have occurred during the last 7,000 years. This reduces the recurrence of these events on the Andalusian coast to every one th...

  • Developers neglect privacy and security in health apps Español

    SINC | 09 March 2015 09:31

    Telemedicine researchers at the University of Valladolid have proposed a series of recommendations to programmers to improve the security of health applications on mobile devices. According to these specialists, it is a rapidly growing area, but the insecure handling of clinical and medical data can be critical for users.

  • The first European sea turtles became extinct due to changing sea levels Español

    SINC | 16 March 2015 08:38

    In Jaen in 2009 a team of scientists found the remains of what was, until then, the oldest turtle species in southern Europe at 160 million years old. But by reinterpreting the fossils, a Spanish researcher has proved that it is not a new species, but a group of very diverse turtles in Europe during the Jurassic Period, which disappeared due to changing sea levels.

  • A rehearsal space with musicians 2,700 kilometres apart from each other Español

    SINC | 18 March 2015 10:44

    Making concerts possible with musicians separated by vast distances with minimal latency – delay between a musical performance and listening or recording – is the aim of a joint project of the Supercomputing Centre of Galicia and the University of Santiago de Compostela. For this purpose, live demonstration experiments have been conducted with professional musicians using pioneering music techn...

  • Habitat loss threatens the world’s felids Español

    SINC | 23 March 2015 09:13

    Almost half of the 36 species of felids that live in the wild in the world are at threat, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Yet the lack of studies regarding their main threat, the loss and fragmentation of their habitat, limits the establishment of effective conservation strategies. These are the findings of a study which has only been able to find 162 ...

  • Boys plagiarise more than girls at school Español

    SINC | 25 March 2015 09:30

    Research by the University of the Balearic Islands has analysed the phenomenon of academic plagiarism among secondary school students. The study, published in the journal ‘Comunicar’, confirms that this practice is widespread in secondary education, especially among the boys. Also, those who leave tasks to the last minute are the ones with a greater tendency to copy.

  • The Mediterranean diet is not only healthier, it also pollutes less Español

    SINC | 24 March 2015 09:07

    The health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are well-known. As well as being healthier, a recent article concludes that the menu traditionally eaten in Spain leaves less of a carbon footprint than that of the US or the United Kingdom. 

  • A UC3M patent can multiply mobile devices’ uploading speed by tenfold Español

    UC3M / SINC | 26 March 2015 10:00

    A patent held by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) makes a jacket able to increase by tenfold the speed at which mobile devices can upload content. This is the MIMO HUB patent, which enables its jacket, in which numerous antennas are camouflaged, to connect to any mobile terminal in order to increase its data transfer speed, reduce its energy consumption and improve its reliability.

  • Contaminants also a threat to polar bears Español

    SINC | 06 April 2015 08:43

    The polar bear (Ursus maritimus), one of the largest carnivorous mammals on Earth, is being made vulnerable by the series of dangers it faces. An international team has established a guide to evaluate the condition of its health and although the polar bear’s biggest threat is climate change, plastic pollution and environmental contaminants in its habitat are starting to affect its endocrine sys...

  • Obese patients improve physically and mentally after bariatric surgery Español

    SINC | 07 April 2015 10:07

    Bariatric surgery, or reduction of gastric capacity, is one of the longer lasting options to achieve considerable weight loss in obese people. A Spanish researcher has participated in a study that confirms that the effects of this relatively complex medical surgery are not only physical, but also psychological.

  • A new crustacean species found in Galicia Español

    SINC | 31 March 2015 08:30

    One of reasons why tourists are attracted to Galicia is for its food. More specifically, the town of O Grove (Pontevedra) is well known for its Seafood Festival and the Spider Crab Festival. A group of researchers from the University of Vigo have found a new species of crustacean in the waters of this locality on the Ría de Arousa inlet. The only downside is that it is not edible.

  • Heating can damage the artistic heritage of churches Español

    SINC | 30 March 2015 08:52

    The antiquated heating systems in many Spanish churches create abrupt variations in temperature and humidity which can negatively affect the conservation of its artistic heritage, especially in tall ceiling areas. Also, as the heat rises, it takes time for the parishioners below to feel comfortable after the heating systems are turned on. These are the findings of an analysis conducted on a chu...

  • Female immigrants in Europe consider more important tradition than education in labor participation Español

    UC3M | 13 April 2015 10:00

    The rate of participation in the workforce by European immigrant women is highly influenced by the traditional values that they bring with them from their countries of origin. The impact of gender norms and other traditional values is so strong that it is twice that of education, according to research carried out at la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), within the framework of their Chair...

  • Neanderthals manipulated the bodies of adults and children shortly after death Español

    SINC | 13 April 2015 10:05

    Neanderthals from the French region of Poitou-Charentes cut, beat and fractured the bones of their recently deceased companions, as revealed by the fossil remains of two adults and a child found at the Marillac site. These manipulations have been observed at other Neanderthal sites, but scientists still do not know whether they did this for food or ceremony.

  • “The mobile phone allows us to study human behavior on an unprecedented level” Español

    Francisco Javier Alonso / UC3M | 15 April 2015 20:15

    Esteban Moro is a tenured associate professor in the Mathematics Department of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M). Specializing in viral marketing and social networks, among other areas of interest, he is one of the organizers of NetMob 2015, along with researchers from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium); NetMob is the most impo...

  • Protosuns teeming with prebiotic molecules Español

    SINC | 15 April 2015 10:07

    Complex organic molecules such as formamide, from which sugars, amino acids and even nucleic acids essential for life can be made, already appear in the regions where stars similar to our Sun are born. Astrophysicists from Spain and other countries have detected this biomolecule in five protostellar clouds and propose that it forms on tiny dust grains.

  • Developing a robotic therapist for children Español

    Robot terapeuta / UC3M

    UC3M | 20 April 2015 10:00

    In collaboration with other national institutions, researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) are designing a new therapeutic tool for motor rehabilitation for children. In this project, an interactive social therapist robot, which is totally autonomous, is able to perceive patients’ reactions and determine if they are doing their exercises correctly.

  • Regular consumption of yogurt does not improve health Español

    SINC | 20 April 2015 10:45

    Dietary recommendations support the consumption of dairy products as part of a healthy diet. However, after a Spanish study involving more than 4,000 people analysed the relationship between the regular intake of yogurt and health-related quality of life, it declared that there was no link with the improvement of the physical and mental parameters analysed.

  • Romantic love stops couples from sharing expenses equally Español

    SINC | 21 April 2015 09:30

    Researcher Amaia Agirre, from the University of the Basque Country, has analysed money management and negotiations in couples who declare themselves equals. One of the main findings is that the ideal of romantic love (widespread in our society) makes defending personal interests incompatible with these feelings.

  • Ultra-sensitive sensor detects individual electrons Español

    SINC | 22 April 2015 09:47

    A Spanish-led team of European researchers at the University of Cambridge has created an electronic device so accurate that it can detect the charge of a single electron in less than one microsecond. It has been dubbed the ‘gate sensor’ and could be applied in quantum computers of the future to read information stored in the charge or spin of a single electron.

  • Dyslexic children do not detect stressed syllables well while listening to words Español

    SINC | 27 April 2015 09:08

    Dyslexia is not only a problem related to reading; children with this difficulty also display impaired prosodic processing, in other words, they struggle to detect stressed syllables. A Spanish team of researchers has shown this feature to be lacking in dyslexia for the first time in Spanish (it has already been demonstrated in English) and highlights the importance of including oral expression...

  • Dust from the Sahara Desert cools the Iberian Peninsula Español

    SINC | 28 April 2015 08:30

    Spanish and Portuguese researchers have analysed the composition and radiative effect of desert aerosols during two episodes which simultaneously affected Badajoz (Spain) and Évora (Portugal) in August 2012. Results show that the intrusion of dust from the Sahara Desert caused radiative cooling of the Earth’s surface.

  • How do you stop more evictions? Español

    SINC | 29 April 2015 08:55

    The Spanish Mortgage Victims Group (‘Plataforma de Afectados por la Hipoteca’ – PAH) has managed to stop 1,663 evictions in Spain since it was founded in Barcelona in 2009. A team of researchers has analysed the keys to its success and the rapid expansion of this social movement that according to the authors “attempts to put justice before legality when the law is manifestly unju...

  • A neural network model predicts whether a bank can go bust Español

    SINC | 04 May 2015 09:23

    The learning mechanism of neurones has inspired researchers at the University of Valladolid (Spain) to create algorithms that can predict whether a bank will go bust. The model was correct for 96% of the banks that went bust in the USA in 2013 after analysing their financial indicators from the previous decade, marked by the economic crisis. The most vulnerable were those which had accumulated...

  • Areas burnt by fires will triple in the Iberian Peninsula by 2075 Español

    SINC | 05 May 2015 09:30

    The impact of forest fires is becoming ever greater on the Iberian Peninsula and climate change is partly to blame. In order to evaluate the effect of an increase in temperatures, Spanish and Portuguese researchers have quantified the areas that will burn between now and the end of the century in the Peninsula. Climate model simulations reveal that burnt areas will triple as a result of global...

  • All invasive parakeets come from a small region in South America Español

    SINC | 06 May 2015 10:17

    The parakeets that have invaded Europe and North America over the last forty to fifty years, creating massive nests in many urban areas, seem to have originated from the same small geographical area in South America. In addition, the invasive populations are genetically identical and are recognised by a relatively rare dominant haplotype in the source population. This has been the conclusion of...

  • Ants’ movements hide mathematical patterns Español

    SINC | 11 May 2015 10:14

    When ants go exploring in search of food they end up choosing collective routes that fit statistical distributions of probability. This has been demonstrated by a team of mathematicians after analysing the trails of a species of Argentine ant. Studies like this could be applied to coordinate the movement of micro-robots in cleaning contaminated areas for example.

  • Griffon vultures are exposed to high concentrations of lead in their diets Español

    SINC | 18 May 2015 10:05

    Because of their position on the food chain and their dietary habits, Griffon vultures from the Iberian Peninsula are exposed to accumulation of heavy metals in their tissues. A study benefiting from the participation of the Autonomous University of Barcelona reveals that, due to their diets, wild populations of Griffon vultures in Catalonia show the presence of a high amount of lead, which aff...

  • New colonial marine organisms discovered in Madeira Español

    SINC | 13 May 2015 09:25

    The Portuguese island of Madeira is considered a diversity hotspot for bryozoans, which are colonial, principally marine, organisms. However, the fauna of these small animals only started being documented a short while ago. A team of Spanish and Portuguese scientists have now discovered two new species of bryozoans, as well as another that had previously only been found in the waters of Rio de...

  • 3D geological tour of the Guadalquivir basin using Google Earth Español

    SINC | 19 May 2015 10:48

    A team from the University of Salamanca has developed a tool that allows a 3D journey in ten sites of geological and palaeontological interest in the Guadalquivir basin (Huelva, Spain). In the virtual tour, developed with Google Earth, you can visit and explore treasures of this area, such as records of the opening of the Atlantic Ocean, using tablets and smartphones.

  • New, free online system able to analyse the images from a magnetic resonance of the brain Español

    UPV | 25 May 2015 12:01

    Researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain) and the National Center for Scientific Research (France) have developed Volbrain. The system enables worldwide scientists to obtain key cerebral information in order to advance in the research on neural pathologies. It provides information on the tissue volume in the intracranial cavity, as well as the cerebral hemispheres, the cere...

  • The first fraction of ejaculate is the most effective for conception Español

    SINC | 25 May 2015 10:20

    Sperm in the first fraction of ejaculate are more numerous, move more and present better quality DNA than those lagging behind. This is the conclusion of a study led by the Ginemed fertility clinic, which confirms that while the objective of the first fraction is to fertilise the egg, the second phase is so that no sperm from any other male has a chance to fertilise it.

  • Storms and microbes are behind the mystery of the wandering stones Español

    SINC | 20 May 2015 10:10

    The ‘sailing’ stones of Death Valley in California are famous for apparently moving by themselves, with the phenomenon not being exclusive to this North American desert but also occurring in Spain, in Altillo Chica salt pond from La Mancha. Researchers from the Complutense University in Madrid have observed that wind from winter storms generates currents that can push the stones over a surface...

  • Latin American immigrants ‘social climate’ is more tolerant to intimate partner violence Español

    SINC | 12 May 2015 10:03

    Spanish researchers have conducted studies to find out if there are any differences between Latin American immigrants and Spaniards who have been convicted of violence against women, with regard to their attitudes toward, among other things, aggression and the risk of re-offending. The results show significant disparities in their perceptions of the severity of the crime, its acceptance and vic...

  • Public raises alarm about ineffectiveness of some Montagu’s harrier conservation measures Español

    SINC | 26 May 2015 10:12

    A citizen science programme reveals the protection measures for the Montagu’s harrier in the cereal crop season in France to be ineffective if nests are not protected to decrease predation after harvesting. A study has been published as a result of this voluntary fieldwork, with the participation of the Hunting Resources Research Institute, which proposes fencing off the nests as a way of mitig...

  • Contaminant particles increase hospital admissions for children with respiratory illnesses Español

    SINC | 27 May 2015 09:01

    Particles of less than 2.5 microns emitted by vehicles have negative repercussions for bronchiolitis, pneumonia, asthma and bronchitis in children. Should their concentrations be reduced to the levels recommended by the WHO, hospital admissions of children with these illnesses would decrease, amounting to a daily saving of 200 euros, according to calculations by researchers from the U...

  • New beetle emerges from Gran Canaria’s subsoil Español

    SINC | 01 June 2015 08:37

    Thanks to research carried out since 2003 on the subsoil of Gran Canaria, two Spanish scientists have discovered a new species of beetle, which they have called Oromia thoracica. This blind weevil shares the same brownish-grey colour as the subsoil fauna and has a flattened body and thorax almost covering its head, an adaptation to life underground.

  • Acceptance of an unjust devaluation is the essence of humiliation Español

    SINC | 02 June 2015 10:19

    People who suffer from harassment at work, school or online probably feel humiliation, one of the negative emotions that has had the least research done in psychology. A study by the Spanish National University of Distance Education (UNED) describes the cognitive bases of this emotion to help identify and prevent it.

  • Light pollution threatens the Balearic shearwater Español

    SINC | 09 June 2015 08:30

    Petrel fledglings leave the nest after dark, but these marine birds’ maiden flights towards the sea are hampered by city lights. Many collide or fall to the ground where they are in danger of being run over and vulnerable to predators. Now, a study has evaluated the impact of light pollution on three species of petrels on the Balearic Islands, including the Balearic shearwater, the most threate...

  • Spanish software tracks the source of faecally polluted water Español

    SINC | 08 June 2015 10:40

    Spanish scientists have developed a new piece of software to predict the source of faecal pollution in seas, reservoirs and rivers. The system, called Ichnaea, uses the automatic learning and analysis of various biological indicators to make highly reliable predictions of this type of pollution, which poses a serious health risk. The team is now looking for funding to move the whole application...

  • The review of scientific studies in journals is subjective and the quality is variable Español

    SINC | 10 June 2015 10:19

    Peer reviews in science, in which independent scientists who are experts on the subject assess the paper, is the current strategy for ensuring quality and control in scientific research and, therefore, it is essential for the academic world. However, a study led by the Portuguese, Catarina Ferreira, uncovers why this system frequently receives harsh criticism about its effectiveness and transpa...

  • Highly educated women stop smoking if the cost goes up Español

    SINC | 16 June 2015 08:42

    Cigarette prices and images on cigarette packets have an impact on women in terms of continuing to smoke or quitting. In fact, less educated women are more responsive to pictorial labels on cigarette packets, as revealed by a study that has analysed, for the first time, the generation differences among female smokers, a group which, despite policy measures, has not stopped growing.

  • Drinking a lot of beer increases exposure to mycotoxins Español

    SINC | 15 June 2015 11:31

    Researchers from the University of Valencia have analysed the mycotoxins produced by certain microscopic fungi in the beer and dried fruits, such as figs and raisins, confirming that these products meet food regulations. Only for heavy beer drinkers – who drink more than a litre a day –, the contribution of this commodity to the daily intake is not negligible, approaching or even exceeding the...

  • The majority of amateur athletes undergoing hypoxic training are not advised by specialists Español

    SINC | 22 June 2015 09:10

    Physical performance after periods of hypoxic training –in low-oxygen conditions– has become a matter of growing controversy within the scientific community. An international study, with the help of Spanish researchers, compared professional and amateur athletes’ knowledge and understanding of this type of training. According to the results, just 25% of amateurs are assessed and monitored by sp...