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  • Spain receives ever more solar radiation Español

    SINC | 03 June 2013 09:19

    Solar radiation in Spain has increased by 2.3% every decade since the 1980s, according to a study by researchers from the University of Girona and the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. This increase is linked to the decreased presence of clouds, which has increased the amount of direct radiation reaching us from the Sun.

  • Big game hunting in Spain has increased in the last 30 years Español

    SINC | 05 June 2013 09:47

    Game has always been considered a scarce natural resource. For this reason, a team of researchers at the Polytechnic University of Madrid and the Centre for Forestry Research have carried out a study on these practices in the last 35 years which demonstrates that, despite the fact that the total number of hunters in Spain has fallen along with the number of open access territories, big gam...

  • Detection of apple juices and cereals which exceed permitted levels of mycotoxins Español

    Detactada patulina en algunos zumos de manzana.  

    SINC | 06 June 2013 10:30

    Researchers from the University of Granada (Spain) have analysed the presence of patulin, a type of toxin produced by fungi, in several commercial apple juices. The results show that more than 50% of the samples analysed exceed the maximum limits laid down by law. They have also discovered a sample of rice with more mycotoxins than permitted. For their part, researchers from the University of V...

  • Iberian lynx attacks on farm animals are on the rise Español

    SINC | 10 June 2013 10:48

    Scientists working on the LIFE IBERLINCE project have spent six years studying the hunting behaviour of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), registering a total of 40 attacks with 716 farm animals killed. Their results indicate that, although the resulting economic losses are not high, this behaviour is on the rise, and it is therefore necessary to establish conflict prevention programme...

  • Smoking in the entrances to bars increases the presence of nicotine inside Español

    Fumador en el interior de un bar.  

    SINC | 12 June 2013 11:47

    For the first time, a study has analysed the effects of the modification to the Spanish tobacco control law, implemented in 2011 in hospitality venues in Spain. The findings show that smoking on terraces and in the entrances to bars and restaurants increases the concentration of nicotine and particulate matter, which affects clients and hospitality professionals alike.

  • The flare star WX UMa becomes 15 times brighter in less than 3 minutes Español

    SINC | 13 June 2013 08:46

    Astrophysicists at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) and the Byurakan Observatory (Armenia) have detected a star of low luminosity which within a matter of moments gave off a flare so strong that it became almost 15 times brighter. The star in question is the flare star WX UMa.

  • Three centaurs follow Uranus through the solar system Español

    Representación artística del asteroide Crantor cerca de Urano. / SINC

    SINC | 17 June 2013 10:00

    Astrophysicists from the Complutense University of Madrid have confirmed that Crantor, a large asteroid with a diameter of 70 km has an orbit similar to that of Uranus and takes the same amount of time to orbit the Sun. Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that this and a further two objects of the group of the Centaurs are co-orbital with Uranus.

  • 54% of pregnant women use insecticides that are harmful to the foetus Español

    espray

    SINC | 19 June 2013 11:00

    Pregnancy and infancy are the periods of greatest vulnerability to the use of household insecticides. This if one of the findings of the first study of its kind to be carried out in Spain, which concludes that more than half of expectant mothers routinely use these chemical compounds.

  • One in ten female German or British tourists holidaying in southern Europe suffers sexual harassment Español

    SINC | 24 June 2013 09:02

    The European Institute of Studies on Prevention (Irefrea) surveyed more than 6,000 people in various airports in Mediterranean countries during summer 2009 to find out the levels of harassment and sex against one’s will that had occurred. According to the experts, one in ten female English or German tourists has fallen victim to these practices while on holiday in southern Europe, as well...

  • HIV-positive men show high rates of papillomavirus infection at oral, anal and penile sites Español

    SINC | 25 June 2013 10:53

    Scientists in Barcelona have found a high presence of papillomavirus infection in oral, anal and penile cavities in HIV-positive men, particularly in the anal cavities of men who have homosexual sex. The researchers recommend routine examination of the three areas in all men, independently of their sexual behaviour.

  • The São Miguel scops owl was wiped out by man’s arrival in the Azores Español

    SINC | 27 June 2013 08:49

     On São Miguel Island in the Azores, there used to exist a small, nocturnal bird of prey, related to the European scops owl, named Otus frutuosoi, which was very probably driven to extinction with the arrival of the first settlers in the 15th century. An international study, in which Spanish researchers participated, has for the first time identified fossils of this species endemic to...

  • A mathematical ranking classifies tennis players by assessing their play Español

    SINC | 27 June 2013 10:16

    Researchers from the Miguel Hernández University of Elche have used mathematical techniques and the game statistics from the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) to rank tennis players based on assessing their play and thus complement the ATP ranking obtained on the basis of matches won during the competition.

  • Over 70% of children who drowned could not swim and were not using flotation devices Español

    piscina

    SINC | 08 July 2013 09:30

    A recent study analyses cases of drowning attended to in 21 hospitals in Spain during the summers of 2009 and 2010. 60% of the victims were younger than six years old and more than 70% did not know how to swim and were not using flotation devices when they drowned. Furthermore, in eight in every ten cases their carers admitted to having supervised them less attentively.

  • Bacteria from Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia conceal bioplastic Español

    SINC | 09 July 2013 09:50

    In Bolivia, in the largest continuous salt desert in the world, researchers from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia have found a bacterium that stores large amounts of PHB, a prized polymer. This biodegradable plastic is used by the food and pharmaceutical industries, for example to produce nanospheres to transport antibiotics.

  • A plastic female beetle makes males fall into the trap Español

    SINC | 01 July 2013 08:48

    US and Spanish researchers have used a polymeric material to replicate the body of the Agrilus planipennis, a beetle that invades woods in North America. The decoy reproduces the texture and iridescent green colour of the females’ shell on a nanometric scale, and does so with such perfection that the males pounce on them as if they were real. In this way they can be caught and populations of th...

  • Sulphur from yeast helps to track animal protein pathways Español

    SINC | 02 July 2013 10:34

    Researchers from the University of Oviedo have labelled sulphur in brewer’s yeast with a non-radioactive method so that when feeding it to laboratory rats the course taken by the element can be tracked and the amino acids and proteins analysed at the point of incorporation. The technique could be very useful for studying the metabolism of this micro-nutrient in vivo and verifying how sulphur-ba...

  • ‘Organic’ milk is poorer in iodine than conventional milk Español

    SINC | 04 July 2013 11:22

    Milk from organic farms has a lower concentration of elements like zinc, iodine and selenium than milk produced by conventional farming methods. The discrepancy is due to the absence of mineral substances in the diets of the cows reared. According to researchers, animals on organic farms should have their diets supplemented with natural sources of iodine such as seaweed, because it is a very im...

  • Shorebirds prefer a good body to a large brain Español

    SINC | 16 July 2013 10:03

    In many animal species, males and females differ in terms of their brain size. The most common explanation is that these differences stem from sexual selection. But predictions are not always certain. A team of researchers at the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications has discovered that a group of coastal birds, shorebirds, do not choose their mates by brain size but “on thei...

  • Eating eggs is not linked to high cholesterol in adolescents Español

    huevo frito

    SINC | 17 July 2013 10:00

    Although in the late 20th century it was maintained that eating more than two eggs a week could increase cholesterol, in recent years experts have begun to refute this myth. Now, a new study has found that eating more eggs is not associated with higher serum cholesterol in adolescents, regardless of how much physical activity they do.

  • Northern Portugal transfers some of its ozone to Galicia Español

    Cielo de la Ría de Vigo. / Juantiages

    SINC | 22 July 2013 10:03

    In summer, levels of ozone (O3) in the atmosphere frequently rise. In Galicia, due to human emissions and high levels of vegetation, summer episodes of high concentrations of ozone affecting air quality have also been recorded. An atmosphere modelling system applied to the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula by researchers at the University of Aveiro (Portugal) and the University of Santiago de...

  • Oven-baked fish fingers have fewer furans than when fried Español

    SINC | 24 July 2013 10:06

    Spanish and Portuguese researchers have discovered that fried fish fingers generate more furanic compounds than those baked in the oven. To be precise, there are three times as many when fried with olive oil and twice as many with sunflower oil. These compounds improve the food’s organoleptic characteristics, but are believed to be toxic and carcinogenic.

  • Tourism on the north coast of Spain will be improved by climate change Español

     El calentamiento global favorecerá el turismo en el norte  

    SINC | 29 July 2013 08:35

    A study from the University of the Balearic Islands has analysed the impact that global warming will have on coastal destinations chosen by Spanish tourists for their holidays. The researchers assert that coastal provinces in the south of Spain will lose out in competition against those on the Cantabrian coast, whose attraction will be intensified.

  • Invasive Gramineae species propagate by wildfire in the Mediterranean and aid its spread Español

    SINC | 30 July 2013 09:00

    Researchers in the Biological Station of Doñana (CSIC) have studied the extent to which alien invasive plants benefit from fires in Mediterranean regions. Their results indicate that many grasses and certain trees are spread by wildfire, species which in turn increase the frequency of fires, as occurs with Eucalyptus trees in Portugal and Galicia.

  • Teenagers who have sex under the influence of alcohol are less likely to use condoms Español

    SINC | 05 August 2013 08:52

    A study from the Miguel Hernández University shows that young people between 14 and 18 years of age who engage in sexual relations under the effects of alcohol are more likely to have negative attitudes towards condom use.

  • Natural swimming pools also get contaminated Español

    SINC | 06 August 2013 10:00

    The use of natural pools – those that do not use chlorine or other chemical disinfection products – has seen an upward trend in recent years. Now, scientists from the University of Barcelona have discovered faecal contamination in some pools due to droppings from birds and other animals. As such, they recommend investigating the scope of the problem and determining the microbiological parameter...

  • Scientists monitor with phosphorus the algal blooms in European lakes Español

    SINC | 27 August 2013 10:00

    An international research team has analysed the relationship between the amount of phosphorus recorded in 1,500 European lakes and reservoirs, and the growth of cyanobacteria, a toxin-producing microorganism. The results show that 23% of these water masses in Spain exceed the level established by the World Health Organisation (WHO). This percentage is closer to 50% for Germany and the Neth...

  • Fewer but more serious traffic accidents at the weekend Español

    SINC | 03 September 2013 12:00

    The average number of traffic incidents and casualties is higher during the week, although the most serious accidents occur between Friday and Sunday. These were the findings of a study carried out by researchers at the University of Almería using Spain’s accident data from the last decade.

  • Birds that sing at dawn wake up earlier in cities Español

    SINC | 03 September 2013 10:01

    It is not uncommon for birds´ dawn choruses to rouse those living in cities´ residential areas. A study conducted by the University of Seville shows that this phenomenon is mutual. That is to say, some urban birds, like the sparrow and the spotless starling, start singing earlier because they are awoken by anthropogenic noise.

  • Advertising integrated into television programmes is more effective than traditional advertisements Español

    televisión

    SINC | 09 September 2013 10:32

    The results of a joint study by the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid and the company Publiespaña show that, audience and length being equal, new forms of television advertising generate better recall than spots.

  • Scandinavian women in management positions face most psychosocial risks at work Español

    SINC | 19 September 2013 10:57

    A new study analyses the inequality between European men and women in their exposure to psychosocial risk factors at work. Scandinavian women experience the worst conditions, whilst Anglo-Saxon men experience the best.

  • Training like a Paleolithic human makes you a better athlete Español

    primitivo

    SINC | 11 September 2013 10:00

    A review in the journal ‘Sports Medicine’ concludes that our ancestors´ lifestyle would help modern athletes to adapt better to training and improve their performance.

  • A plant believed to be endemic to Morocco appears in Spain for the first time Español

    SINC | 24 September 2013 10:22

    Polygala webbiana is a species which was thought to be exclusive to North Africa.However, researchers from the Real Jardín Botánico (Royal Botanic Gardens of Madrid), and the Alcalá and Coimbra Universities have discovered specimens of this plant in Andalucía.

  • Experts confirm that fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of mortality Español

    fruta

    SINC | 25 September 2013 10:00

    A European study analyzes the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of mortality. As previous research has already suggested, this study concludes that fruit and vegetable consumption reduces all-cause mortality, and especially cardiovascular disease mortality.

  • Trees send distress signals to birds when attacked by insects Español

    SINC | 10 October 2013 09:46

    Research from the Experimental Station of Arid Zones has shown for the first time that a bird, the great tit (Parus major), can smell when a tree is infested with caterpillars. These birds are able to identify which plants are infested with insects because of the olfactory signals they emit.

  • Solar panels can be used to provide heating and air conditioning Español

    SINC | 15 October 2013 11:00

    The use of solar panels to produce toilets hot water is standard practice, but researchers at the Madrid Universities Carlos III and Politécnica suggest that they may also be used to provide large offices with heating in the winter and air conditioning in the summer. Their proposal involves the incorporation of solar collectors into a gas-based cogeneration system with an absorption machine, wh...

  • Female flycatchers paired with attractive males receive more parenting help Español

    Las hembras del pájaro papamoscas cerrojillo apareadas con los machos más atractivos reciben más ayuda en la los polluelos. / Larsfl

    SINC | 01 October 2013 10:24

    Spanish researchers have observed that female pied flycatchers choose a mate considering the help they will provide when rearing chicks, which will reduce their physiological fatigue. Until now it was thought that the selection of a mate on the basis of plumage was based on the genetic quality of offspring.

  • Suffering from breast cancer increases the risk of another tumour by 39% Español

    mujer en una consulta

    SINC | 16 October 2013 10:39

    Women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer are 39% more likely to develop a second cancer in a different part of the body. Such is the conclusion of a recent study, pioneered by female Spanish researchers. The study suggests that this increased risk could be due to the similar risk factors involved in both cancers, or to the side effects of the treatment received by breast cáncer patients.

  • Honest people tell the truth because lying makes them feel rejected or ashamed Español

    SINC | 02 October 2013 09:52

    Until now, the standard economic view had suggested that people decide whether to lie or not depending on what they expect to receive in return. A study that has just been published in the journal Experimental Economics indicates that this is not always the case: people tell the truth because they are purely averse to lying.

  • Is the human brain capable of identifying a fake smile? Español

    chica sonriendo

    SINC | 03 October 2013 09:57

    Since Leonardo Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa, much has been said about what lies behind her smile. Now, Spanish researchers have discovered how far this attention-grabbing expression confuses our emotion recognition and makes us perceive a face as happy, even if it is not.

  • Experts discover the mother of Roman perfumes on the Mediterranean coast Español

    SINC | 08 October 2013 10:35

    Researchers at the Pablo de Olavide University in Seville have described a new plant in the eastern Mediterranean, growing mainly near the coast. The importance of this discovery is that the plant is the maternal ancestor of a species of hybrid origin, Reseda odorata, used since Roman times due to the fragrance of its flowers, and whose essence was used in the ancient cosmetics industry.

  • New species of labrisomidae fish discovered in Brazil Español

    Suelo rocoso donde habita el nuevo trambollo. / Francini Filho

    SINC | 23 October 2013 09:41

    Researchers from Brazil have published data on a new species of fish in the Labrisomidae family on the Brazilian archipelago of Trindade and Martim Vaz in the Atlantic Ocean. It is an endemic species that can only be found in this group of islands due to how far it is from the coast. 

  • Porpoises on European coasts maintain their populations but migrate southwards Español

    SINC | 29 October 2013 11:14

    Seven oceanographic research vessels and three light aircrafts from the SCANSII Project have recorded the abundance and distribution of small cetaceans in the waters of the European Atlantic shelf. Their results reveal that the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena, also known as the common porpoise) is the most abundant on these shores and the only species that has moved further southwards to live.

  • White dwarfs hide information on dark forces Español

    SINC | 04 November 2013 08:54

    Researchers from Europe and the USA have ruled out a multitude of possible parameters for dark photons – a type of dark matter and energy – with the help of white dwarfs. In some aspects, the shining of these dying stars gives more information on dark forces than is provided by earth-based laboratories. The journal ‘Physical Review D’ has published the study.

  • Severe chronic depression is more likely in child sex abuse victims Español

    SINC | 05 November 2013 09:49

    A new study reveals the highest risk variables of chronic depression in the population, such as having suffered previous episodes of depression, delayed treatment, whether it is related to other physical or mental health problems, or having suffered sexual abuse during childhood.

  • Controversy over the use of Roman ingots to investigate dark matter and neutrinos Español

    SINC | 28 November 2013 11:00

    The properties of these lead bricks recovered from ancient shipwrecks are ideal for experiments in particle physics. Scientists from the CDMS dark matter detection project in Minnesota (USA) and from the CUORE neutrino observatory at the Gran Sasso Laboratory in Italy have begun to use them, but archaeologists have raised alarm about the destruction and trading of cultural heritage that lies be...

  • Endangered limpets change sex to improve their chances of survival Español

    SINC | 11 November 2013 09:48

    The Ribbed Mediterranean Limpet is one of the most endangered invertebrates of the Mediterranean Sea and is classed as being in danger of extinction. Researchers at the Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences have discovered their reproductive strategy, consisting in changing sex from male to female and vice versa, which improves their ability to adapt to changes in their environment.

  • The Aztec and Maya seed arrives in Europe Español

    SINC | 02 December 2013 08:58

    From this year, up to 10% of chia seeds may be included in bread, breakfast cereals and bags of nuts sold in the European Union. The seeds of this herb, which the people of Central America have been consuming for centuries, are rich in omega-3, fibre, proteins, anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals.

  • Sofrito contains substances that reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease Español

    SINC | 12 November 2013 10:03

    The combination of tomato, olive oil, garlic and onion in a sofrito increases the amount of polyphenols and carotenoids.  These bioactive compounds respectively help to prevent cardiovascular diseases and cancer. This is contained in a study carried out by the University of Barcelona and the CIBERobn network, Spain, which confirms sofrito as an essential part of the Mediterranean diet.

  • Tawny owls would rather die than yield their territory Español

    SINC | 03 December 2013 09:32

    Doñana National Park is the framework of a recent study, participated in by Spain, which unveils one of the mechanisms used by tawny owls to avoid being hunted by Eurasian eagle owls: changing their territorial call when they sense the presence of their predator. However, if there is a prevalence of males in the environment, they prefer to run the risk and continue calling.

  • A new species of Canarian beetle has been discovered Español

    SINC | 09 December 2013 10:08

    Miguel A. Alonso Zarazaga, a researcher from the Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences has discovered a new genus of Coleoptera on the Canary Islands, which he has named Moreiba. These beetles are members of the weevil family, a group that causes severe damage to crops.