Advanced Search

TECHNOLOGY : Other technological specialities

A treasure from the Toledo Army Museum (Spain)

The sword of a Hispano-Muslim warlord is digitized in 3D

Español
  • Publish in Facebook
  • Add to Delicious
  • Meneame
  • Send via email

At age 90, Ali Atar, one of the main military chiefs of King Boabdil of Granada, fought to his death in the Battle of Lucena in 1483. It was there that his magnificent Nasrid sword was taken away from him, and researchers from the Polytechnic University of Valencia and a company from Toledo have now modelled it in order to graphically document and present it on the web.

More info about:
sword
digitalization
photogrammetry
3D model

Enrique Sacristán | | March 25 2019 09:15

<p>3D modelling process of Ali Atar´s Nasrid sword. / Ingheritag3D</p>

3D modelling process of Ali Atar´s Nasrid sword. / Ingheritag3D

Ali Atar, Warden of Loja and Lord of Zagra, was a Hispano-Muslim warlord at the service of King Boabdil, the last sultan of Granada, to whom he was also related when he married his daughter Moraima. In April 1483 Boabdil tried to take the Christian city of Lucena (Cordoba) with the help of his father-in-law, but they lost the battle: the Nasrid king was captured and Ali Atar died fighting when he was 90 years old.

Ali Atar died fighting when he was 90 years old and his magnificent sword passed into the hands of the Christians

His magnificent sword, covered with gold, ivory and precious metals then passed into the hands of the Christians and, after many historical vicissitudes, this Andalusian treasure is now preserved and exhibited in the Toledo Army Museum (MUSEJE, Spanish acronym, Museo del Ejército).

To graphically document this valuable piece and make it known through the web, researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV, Spain) and the company Ingheritag3D have carried out a three-dimensional digitization process. The study has just been published in Virtual Archaeology Review.

First they photographed the sword from many angles using a technique called photogrammetry. Then they overlapped all the images, drew planimetries (drawings of the meticulous filigree of the grip) and generated its 3D model.

dig_espada

In the workshops of the Toledo Army Museum (MUSEJE) the sword has been digitalized and its photogrammetric image has been generated. / IngHeritag3D

“These techniques offer the possibility of valuing relevant pieces inside and outside museums, since three-dimensional modelling is prepared both for specialists –who can manipulate the piece virtually–, and for being shared publicly and interactively through the Internet,” says engineer Margot Gil-Melitón, co-author of the work.

3D model is prepared both for specialists -who can manipulate the piece virtually- and for being shared publicly through the Internet

Using a web viewer, any user can use their mouse to check an exact replica of the handle of this genet sword, a type of genuinely Nasrid weapon introduced in Al-Andalus by the Zenetas (Berber people from whom it takes its name). Ali Atar's sword has a knob in the shape of a bulbous dome, an ivory fist carved with drawings and Arabic letters, and a golden arriax (sword grip) topped with zoomorphic figures. 

To record the details of this fine ornamentation, the researchers have devised solutions that have facilitated the analysis of highly reflective materials and complicated geometries. Their workflow could also be applied to characterize other museum pieces.

The other author of the study, Professor José Luis Lerma of the UPV, concludes: “A resource as valuable as cultural heritage can no longer be satisfied with physical conservation: it must be complemented by exhaustive digital preservation in all its forms, which facilitates the investigation of the pieces, their correct safeguarding and dissemination of knowledge to the general public.”

espada

3D textured sword model. / IngHeritag3D

Referencia bibliográfica:

Margot Gil-Melitón, José Luis Lerma. “Historical military heritage: 3D digitisation of the Nasri sword attributed to Ali Atar (Patrimonio histórico militar: digitalización 3D de la espada nazarí atribuida a Ali Ata)”. Virtual Archaeology Review, Vol 10 - No 20, pp. 52-69, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4995/var.2019.10028

Animación 3D e interactiva de la empuñadura de la espada jineta de Ali Atar: https://skfb.ly/ZzzA

Geographical area: International
Source: SINC

Comments

WE WANT TO KNOW YOUR OPINION

Please be reminded that SINC is not a health clinic. Consult your doctor for advice on health matters

AGENCIA SINC EN TWITTER