In the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between the third and second millennium BC, a widespread funeral practice consisted in burying humans with animals. Scientists have discovered that both foxes and dogs were domesticated, as their diet was similar to that of their owners.
Argentine and Spanish researchers have used statistical techniques of automatic learning to analyze mobility patterns and technology of the hunter-gatherer groups that inhabited the Southern Cone of America, from the time they arrived about 12,000 years ago until the end of the 19th century. Big data from archaeological sites located in the extreme south of Patagonia have been used for this study.
People, as the biological beings that we are, can be socially regulated by mechanisms such as taxes, property or family relationships. This constitutes part of the social policy that the Roman government put into practice during its expansion throughout the Mediterranean, which left its mark on the eastern plateau of Spain, the historical Celt Iberian territory, as has been shown by biopolitical research that was recently carried out at la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M).
Hidden under the vegetation and crops of the Eria Valley, in León (Spain), there is a gold mining network created by the Romans two thousand years ago, as well as complex hydraulic works, such as river diversions, to divert water to the mines of the precious metal. Researchers from the University of Salamanca made the discovery from the air with an airborne laser teledetection system.
A study revives a silenced part of the First World War: the role of women. Researchers from the Complutense University of Madrid and the University of Castilla-La Mancha consulted specialised sources on women on the front line, on the rearguard and in the jobs that men inevitably left to go to war.
Researchers from the University of La Laguna have applied a new genetic method to analyse archaeological remains that enables the sex of skeletal remains from the indigenous peoples of the island of El Hierro to be determined. This type of work is essential to discover more about ancient communities when the complete skeletons of individuals are not available.
Physicists and science historians have travelled around various cities across the world, including Paris, Vienna, Berlin, New York, Berne, Barcelona and Madrid, in search of spaces historically related to physics. Two of the researchers, Xavier Roqué and Antoni Roca-Rosell, propose four scientific routes through Barcelona.
An urn that depicts one fighting against another, another with two deer opposite to the tree of life and a third that illustrates a great symbolic battle reveal the mythology of the final Iberian oligarchs that faced Romanization in the Peninsula. The pieces were discovered at the site of Libisosa (Albacete), the best preserved archaeological site from the final Iberian period in Spain.
The history of medieval navigation on the Iberian peninsula is a great mystery. In the 1970s, a recreational diver found a bronze candelabra in Ibiza which Marcus H. Hermanns, a scientist from the German Archaeological Institute in Madrid, has now unveiled. It is a unique piece from the 10th century which could provide clues on sea routes in the period.
The female nudes in Roman mosaics exalt beauty, carnality and eroticism, while male bodies reflect determination, strength and power. This is one of the conclusions of research being carried out at the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid (UC3M) that analyzed the cultural construction and ideological implications of these artistic representations in which female predominate as compared to those of males.