When male Japanese tree frogs sing at the same time, the females cannot differentiate between them in order to choose the best one. Therefore, the would-be suitors have come to an agreement and sing one by one. This natural lyrical desynchronisation has inspired the development of computational algorithms which can be used to design wireless systems and analyse social networks such as Facebook or Twitter.
Some two hundred scientists from more than 40 countries are researching what the next generation of ultrascale computing systems will be like. The study is being carried out under the auspices of NESUS, one of the largest European research networks of this type coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M).
An European research project, named REPARA and coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), is studying how to improve parallel computing applications to increase their performance and energy efficiency, as well as easing programming and source code maintenance.
Researchers at the University of Cordoba (Spain) have developed a system that measures compatibility between donors and the most serious receivers in liver transplants. This is a mathematical method that includes the experience of almost 1,500 donations registered in transplant units in Spain and the United Kingdom.
A mathematical and computational study by the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) based on network theory suggests that restructuring certain interbank loans would help to contain the spread of economic crises in the financial system.