For decades, the elderly in Spain have shown a preference for living at home, either alone or with their partners, instead of sharing a home with relatives of other generations. A study by the University of Granada delves into the reasons for this trend.
The bicycle is a cheap and ecological way of transport, and it is also a healthy option. This is why the number of cyclists in cities has increased in recent years, but so has the accident rate. A study confirms that these incidents are caused by a combination of inadequate infrastructures and risk behaviour on the part of drivers and cyclists.
The precariousness in the media focuses on women journalists: among the members of the editorial offices with university studies that charge less than 1,000 Euros, 85% are women. In addition, men hold three quarters of the positions of maximum managerial responsibility and two thirds of the positions of decision-making on the contents. An international study with the participation of Spanish researchers shows data on this gender gap.
The first research on violence against women at Spanish universities reveals that 62% of the student body know or have experienced situations of gender violence in the university community. The study also alerts us to the fact that such violence often goes unreported and the lack of knowledge to identify these situations.
A few weeks ago Donald Trump described the women who accused him of sexual harassment as "unattractive and horrible". The statements of the controversial political leader are echoed in the results of research from the University of Granada. Scientists claim there are myths that contribute to sexual harassment being seen as something that is brought on by the victim. An incident of harassment is also more likely to be noticed if the victim is attractive.
Until now, no large-scale scientific studies had been done into the impact of the economic crisis on homeless people. A study by the University of the Basque Country has explained how, between 2008 and 2012, the employment situation, together with cuts to certain state benefits, has put the brakes on the reintegration of homeless people into society, especially if they are foreign.
Less educated young men are those who share a greater amount of discriminatory content on Facebook, while young university females share the least. According to a study conducted by sociologists at the University of Rovira i Virgili (Spain), there is a feminine way as well as a masculine way to behave on the Internet: males tend to directly allude to ethnic and cultural issues whereas females are less obvious in doing so. The study is part of a European project that aims to fight these behaviours.
Cigarette prices and images on cigarette packets have an impact on women in terms of continuing to smoke or quitting. In fact, less educated women are more responsive to pictorial labels on cigarette packets, as revealed by a study that has analysed, for the first time, the generation differences among female smokers, a group which, despite policy measures, has not stopped growing.
Spanish researchers have conducted studies to find out if there are any differences between Latin American immigrants and Spaniards who have been convicted of violence against women, with regard to their attitudes toward, among other things, aggression and the risk of re-offending. The results show significant disparities in their perceptions of the severity of the crime, its acceptance and victim blaming. However, Latin American and Spanish men respond to batterer intervention programmes in the same way.
Researcher Amaia Agirre, from the University of the Basque Country, has analysed money management and negotiations in couples who declare themselves equals. One of the main findings is that the ideal of romantic love (widespread in our society) makes defending personal interests incompatible with these feelings.